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ホーム > 出版案内 > Optimality Theory and Language Change

Optimality Theory and Language Change
― The Activation of Potential Constraint Interactions ―

編著者:
深谷修代 (著)
ISBNコード:
978-4-7589-2155-8
発売日:
2010年10月22日
定価:
6,480円(税込)(菊判・320頁)
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内容

最適性理論の枠組みを用いて、古英語から現代英語までの語順の変化を再ランキングにより分析する。特に、再ランキングのメカニズムに焦点を置き、制約の相互作用の観点から解明を図る。音韻論や統語論の制約を取り上げ、制約の相互作用は潜在的相互作用と活性相互作用に分類でき、ランキングによって活性相互作用が異なることを指摘する。そして再ランキングは、制約間の相互作用が活性化されるときのみ可能であると提案する。

Contents

Acknowledgments

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 What is Optimality Theory?
 2.1. Introduction
 2.2. The OT Architecture
  2.2.1. The Input
  2.2.2. Generator (GEN)
  2.2.3. Evaluator (EVAL)
  2.2.4. Constraints
  2.2.5. Constraint Interaction
   2.2.5.1. Homogeneity of Target/Heterogeneity of Process
   2.2.5.2. The Emergence of the Unmarked (TETU)
  2.2.6. The Output
 2.3. The Extension of OT to Syntax
  2.3.1. The Input
  2.3.2. Generator
  2.3.3. Constraints
  2.3.4. Evaluator
 2.4. Reconsideration of the Syntactic Input

Chapter 3 The Development of English Word Order
 3.1. Introduction
 3.2. Verb Second (V2)
 3.3. Old English and Middle English Word Order
  3.3.1. Old English
  3.3.2. Middle English
 3.4. The Relevant Constraints
 3.5. An OT Account of V2
  3.5.1. Old English
  3.5.2. Early Middle English
  3.5.3. Loss of V2
   3.5.3.1. Late Middle English and Modern English
   3.5.3.2. Present-Day English
 3.6. Conclusion

Chapter 4 The Development of English Decliticization
 4.1. Introduction
 4.2. Facts
  4.2.1. Old English
  4.2.2. Early Middle English
  4.2.3. Late Middle English
 4.3. Previous Analyses
  4.3.1. Van Kemenade's Analysis
  4.3.2. Pintzuk’s Analysis
 4.4. The Relevant Constraints
 4.5. An OT Analysis
  4.5.1. Old English
   4.5.1.1. Topic-Initial Sentences
   4.5.1.2. Subject-Initial Sentences
  4.5.2. Early Middle English
  4.5.3. Late Middle English and Present-Day English
 4.6. Conclusion

Chapter 5 The Development of English Root Questions
 5.1. Introduction
 5.2. Facts
  5.2.1. Old English
  5.2.2. Middle English
  5.2.3. Modern English and Present-Day English
 5.3. Previous Analyses
  5.3.1. Agreement Features
  5.3.2. Two Analyses
   5.3.2.1. Interrogative Head Analysis
   5.3.2.2. Interrogative Specifier Analysis
 5.4. The Relevant Constraints
 5.5. An OT Account of Interrogative Sentences
  5.5.1. Wh-Questions
   5.5.1.1. Old English
   5.5.1.2. Middle English
   5.5.1.3. Modern English and Present-Day English
  5.5.2. Yes-No Questions
   5.5.2.1. Old English
   5.5.2.2. Middle English
   5.5.2.3. Modern English and Present-Day English
 5.6. Conclusion

Chapter 6 Shakespearean English
 6.1. Introduction
 6.2. Shakespearean English
  6.2.1. Yes-No questions
  6.2.2. Wh-Questions
 6.3. The Three-Stage Process
  6.3.1. Fundamental Ideas
  6.3.2. Anttila and Cho's Analysis
 6.4. The Applicability of the Three-Stage Process to Shakespearean English
 6.5. Conclusion

Chapter 7 The Development of Do-support in English Interrogatives
 7.1. Introduction
 7.2. Strictness Bands
 7.3. Applying Strictness Band to Historical Syntax
  7.3.1. Categorical Verb Movement
  7.3.2. Variability
  7.3.3. Categorical Do-Support
 7.4. Summary

Chapter 8 The Nature of Re-ranking
 8.1. Introduction
 8.2. Possible Ways of Re-ranking
 8.3. Fundamental Principles of Re-ranking
  8.3.1. The Principle of Constraint Demotion
   8.3.1.1. The Constraint Demotion Approach
   8.3.1.2. Constraint Promotion-Related Approaches
  8.3.2. The Principle of Constraint Interaction
   8.3.2.1. The Basic Idea of Constraint Interaction
   8.3.2.2. The Nature of Constraint Interaction (1)
   8.3.2.3. The Nature of Constraint Interaction (2)
   8.3.2.4. Reconsideration of Constraint Interaction
   8.3.2.5. Potential Constraint Interactions and Active Constraint Interactions
    8.3.2.5.1. Italian-Type Languages
    8.3.2.5.2. English-Type Languages
    8.3.2.5.3. Yiddish-Type Languages
    8.3.2.5.4. Summary
  8.3.3. The Re-Ranking Algorithm
 8.4. The Mechanism of Re-ranking
  8.4.1. Constraint Interactions among the Six Constraints
  8.4.2. Stage 1 in English
  8.4.3. Stage 1 to Stage 2
  8.4.4. Stage 2 to Stage 3
  8.4.5. Stage 3 to Stage 4
  8.4.6. Stage 4 to Stage 5
 8.5. Summary and Conclusion

Chapter 9 Summary and Conclusion

Bibliography
Index

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